City Forestry Department
Welcome to the City of New Brighton’s Forestry Department. City crews plant, trim, prune and maintain thousands of trees, plants and shrubs.
The following topics are of general, local interest. Please note the accompanying links for more specific, scientific information.
400 10th St. NW
New Brighton, MN 55112
Jim Veiman, Park Maintenance Worker- Forester
General Forestry Information
|Contractor Name||Phone||Certified Arborist No.|
|4 Seasons Tree Care Inc||612-490-6162||MN-4280A|
|All Seasons Tree Service||612-366-7497||WI-0856A|
|Arbortech Stump & Tree Removal||763-482-1499||MN-4286A|
|Bartlett Tree Experts||763-253-8733||MN-0274A|
|Birch Tree Care||651-481-9180||MN-4528A|
|Central Minnesota Tree Service||763-574-2051||MN-0284A|
|Elijah’s Treecare LLC||612-242-0221||MN-0350A|
|Fran’s Tree Service||651-631-8746||MN-4592A|
|Hiawatha Tree Services Inc.||651-248-1477||MN-4025A|
|Hugo’s Tree Care, Inc.||651-429-4705||MN-0208A|
|Living Water Tree Service||763-360-4855||MN-4090A|
|Metro Tree and Stump Service||763-785-9779||MN-4628A|
|Mickman Brothers, Inc.||763-413-3000||PN-5878A|
|Midwest Tree Experts MN Inc||651-247-4829||MN-4531A|
|Monster Tree Service East Metro||651-705-0033||MN-4563A|
|Neighborhood Tree Care, LLC||763-614-0635||MN-4557A|
|North Star Tree Care, Inc.||612-419-7446||MN-4315A|
|Northeast Tree, Inc.||612-789-9255||MN-4089A|
|Ostvig Tree Inc.||763-479-4090||MN-4072A|
|Perfect Landscape Tree & Excavation||612-499-3938||SO-6820A|
|Phoenix Tree Care||612-384-3140||MN-4584A|
|Precision Landscape and Tree, Inc.||651-484-2726||WI-0975A|
|S & S Tree & Horticultural Specialists||651-451-8907||MN-4139A|
|Steve’s Quality Tree Service||763-238-0336||MN-4438A|
|Tim’s Tree Service, LLC||763-535-5839||MN-4220A|
|True Tree Solutions||612-226-5106||MN-4426A|
|Visions Tree Service||651-325-5415||MN-4650A|
|YTS Companies, LLC||612-331-1133||MN-4598A|
* License Expires: 3/31/2017
Grow to Be a Large Tree
- Ohio Buckeye
- Heritage Birch
- Shiloh Splash Birch
- Shademaster Honeylocust
- Sunburst Honeylocust
- Kentucky Coffeetree
- Swamp White Oak
- Northern Red Oak
- American Linden
- First Edition Elm
Grow to Be a Small Tree
- Nannyberry Tree
- Japanese Tree Lilac
- Thunderchild Crabtree
- Diablo Ninebark-tree
- Double Flowering Plum-tree
- Crimson Cloud Hawthorn
Over the past few years many private yard trees in New Brighton have been lost due to living and non-living ailments such as storms, drought, insects, disease, and stem girdling roots, In order to combat these losses to New Brighton’s urban & community forest, the City has provided a list of recommended shade tree species for homeowners or property owners who are interested in replacing a lost mature tree or enriching their current nonboulevard tree canopy. While some of the species may be more challenging to find than others, this list provides an extensive set of possibilities for residents who would like some guidance on what species to plant or what could be added to an existing landscape. A diverse canopy can help to avoid problems with epidemic diseases like Dutch elm disease or periods of summer drought that over time weakens and eventually leads to the death of many mature trees.
Large-sized Deciduous Trees (~50’ tall or greater at maturity)
- American Elm (Ulmus americana); very hardy and tolerant of a wide variety of sites, common Dutch elm disease resistant cultivars include ‘Accolade’, ‘Cathedral’, ‘Patriot’, ‘Princeton’ or ‘Valley Forge’
- Basswood (Tilia americana); also called American linden, excellent species for pollinators, dense shade Bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis); native to southeast Minnesota, good wildlife value, smooth bark Black walnut (Juglans nigra); good wildlife value, attractive form, avoid planting near gardens
- Bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis); native to southeast Minnesota, good wildlife value, smooth bark
- Black walnut (Juglans nigra); good wildlife value, attractive form, avoid planting near gardens
- Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa); corky bark, originally widespread in New Brighton, resistant to oak wilt
- Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoids); plant away from pavement or structures, important for honeybees Gingko (Gingko biloba); pyramidal growth form, ‘Autumn Gold’ and ‘Princeton Sentry’ good male cultivars
- Ginko (Ginko biloba); pyramidal growth form, ‘Autumn Gold’ and ‘Princeton Sentry’ good male cultivars
- Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis); very drought tolerant, corky bark, good replacement tree for diseased elms
- Heritage Oak (Quercus ‘heritage’); cross between bur and English oak, relatively fast growing
- Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus); unique flaky bark, ‘Expresso’ is a good fruitless cultivar
- Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa); cigar-like fruit, attractive spring flowers, fast growing
- Northern Pin Oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis); originally widespread in New Brighton, susceptible to oak wilt
- Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra); susceptible to oak wilt, fast growing, somewhat shade tolerant
- Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides); fast growing, attractive white bark, short-lived species
- Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata); native to southeast Minnesota, unique “shaggy” bark, good wildlife value
- Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum); great fall color, use with caution – plant only where roots will be cooler
- Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis); rare in Twin Cities but a good species to try, unique patterned bark
- Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor); good urban oak tree, tolerant of inundation, resistant to oak wilt
- Weeping Willow (Salix alba); attractive weeping foliage, fast growing but tends to have weak branches
- White Oak (Quercus alba); resistant to oak wilt, slow growing, originally widespread in New Brighton
Medium-sized Deciduous Trees (~25-50’ tall or greater at maturity)
- Amur Chokecherry (Prunus maackii); showy copper colored bark, requires formative pruning when young
- Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera), fast growing native poplar species, good for honeybees
- Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), attractive bark at all stages, good for wildlife and native pollinators
- Honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanths); good thornless cultivars include ‘Shademaster’, ‘Imperial’, Skyline’, and ‘Sunburst’, fast growing species, diffuse shade, subject to nectria canker (avoid pruning in humid weather)
- Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana); attractive smooth bark when young, hop-like fruit, very strong wood
- Japanese Tree Lilac (Syringa reticulata); attractive smooth bark, white flowers, native to east Asia
- Magnolia (Magnolia spp.); brilliant spring flowers, 4 varieties that are hardy to the southern Minnesota Hardiness Zone 4 include ‘Star’, ‘Leonard Messel’, ‘Merrill’ and ‘Cucumber tree’
- Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra); orange-reddish fall color, ‘Autumn Splendor’ a good cultivar
- River Birch (Betula nigra); attractive exfoliating bark, much more drought tolerant than white birch species
Small-sized Deciduous Trees (less than ~25’ tall at maturity)
- Amur Maackia (Maackia amurensis); attractive foliage and flowers, tough, native to northeast Asia
- American plum (Prunus Americana); attractive flowers, edible fruit, use common plum over cultivars
- Blue Beech (Carpinus caroliniana); Best in moist organic soil, attractive “muscle-like” bark
- Canada Plum (Prunus nigra); ‘Princess Kay’ a good cultivar, attractive winter bark
- Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana); native to Minnesota, edible fruit, susceptible to black knot stem canker
- Crabapple or Apple (Malus spp.); many cultivars, use sparingly due to the overplanting of this species,
- Malus Ioensis (prairie crabapple) is the crabapple that is native to southern Minnesota
- Eastern Redbud (Cercis Canadensis); attractive spring flowers, growth form is more horizontal than vertical
- Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.); Numerous varieties exist with attractive fruit and flowers, ‘Cockspur’, ‘Crimson Cloud’, and ‘Russian’ are options, most nursery selections are thornless
- Mountain ash, American (Sorbus americana); showy fruit, not a true ash (no risk from emerald ash borer)
- Mountain ash, Showy (Sorbus decora); showy fruit, not a true ash (no risk from the emerald ash borer)
- Nannyberry Viburnum (Viburnum lentago); native, large shrub/small tree, reddish fall color, hardy
- Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia); native, excellent wildlife value, white flowers, plant in moist soil
- Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.); good berries for birds, several varieties available, also called juneberries
- Sumac, Smooth (Rhus glabra); excellent scarlet red fall color, tolerant of dry sites, smooth branches
- Sumac, Staghorn (Rhus typhina); same as smooth sumac but with “fuzzy” branches
- Three Flowered Maple (Acer triflorum); excellent autumn color, attractive papery bark
Coniferous Trees (all sizes)
- Cedar, Eastern Red (Juniperus virginiana); native to southern Minnesota, very drought tolerant
- Fir, Balsam (Abies balsamea); fragrant needles, very conical shape, plant in a cool and/or shady location
- Fir, Douglas (Pseudotsuga mensezii); native to western United States, a drought tolerant evergreen
- Canada Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis); attractive rare evergreen, requires shade and moist soil
- Pine, Red (Pinus resinosa); prefers sandy well drained soils, the state tree of Minnesota
- Pine, Scotch (Pinus sylvestris); unique orange bark, often exhibits crooked upper canopy growth form
- Pine, White (Pinus strobus); attractive form, plant in a cooler, moist site, leader may need deer protection
- Spruce, Black Hills (Picea glauca var. densata); cultivar of the white spruce with better drought tolerance
- Spruce, Norway (Picea abies); good landscape species that exhibits “drooping” twigs, native to Europe
- Spruce, White (Picea glauca); native to northern Minnesota, a good windbreak species
- Tamarack (Larix laricina); large deciduous conifer (drops needles in fall), excellent yellow fall color
- Most deciduous trees need winter bark protection from rabbits by wrapping a white tree guard around the trunk
- Plant maples with caution due to recent prevalence of hot dry summers that severely stress most species of maple
- Colorado spruce (blue spruce) is not recommended because of various needle diseases that cause problems in our climate
- Although many people like crabapples, they are considered to be currently overplanted in New Brighton and we would recommend using a variety of other small fleshy fruit bearing species as an alternative
Know what you are buying when dealing with sellers of firewood. A standard “cord” of wood will occupy a space of 128 cubic feet. The usual pile will measure 8 feet long, 4 feet wide and 4 feet high allowing, of course, for empty space between larger pieces. The actual amount of wood of such a “wellpiled” cord will be 90 to 110 cubic feet. A “firewood cord” or “rick” of wood will measure about 1/3 of a standard cord or 30 to 36 cubic feet of actual wood. Remember firewood is sold by volume. Know how to multiply length x width x height of a prospective pile to determine how much you are actually buying.
Proper trimming of trees involves carefully making finishing cuts outside the “branch” collar as shown in the illustration. This method is called “target pruning.” Also important is the timing of the pruning activity. Many species of trees have preferred trimming periods. In general, it is best to avoid pruning most trees in the spring and early fall. Dormant pruning in late winter appears to be the best time. Oak trees should never be trimmed April through June because of the danger of oak wilt spread. Trimming during wet or rainy weather should likewise be avoided. It’s important to know what you are pruning, when to prune, and how to make the correct cuts on the tree.
Oak Wilt Disease
What to Look For:
- Browning of leaves from outside margin to middle.
- Leaf drop.
- One or more adjacent trees showing similar symptoms.
Means of Spread:
- Feeding activities of a “sap” beetle in an open tree wound during the late spring-early summer only.
- Root grafts with adjacent diseased oak trees.
- Don’t keep any diseased red oak wood in whole log form. Dried and split red oak wood will usually not spread oak wilt.
- Seal or cover, with a heavy tarp or plastic, all red oak wood suspected of being diseased .
- Separate root grafts between diseased and healthy trees by trenching or by chemical means.
- Remove or process diseased red oak wood as soon as possible after root graft disruption and after July of the year of the oak’s death.
Dutch Elm Disease
What to Look For:
- Browning or yellowing of leaves in the upper branches.
- A dark ring in the outer sapwood when looking at a branch cross-section
- Browning or streaking of white sapwood when the bark is peeled back.
Means of Spread:
- Feeding activities of two kinds of elm bark beetles during the growing season.
- Root grafts with adjacent diseased tree
- Don’t keep any elm with intact bark. This denies the beetles a breeding area.
- Separate root grafts between diseased and healthy trees by trenching or by chemical means.
- Detect and remove any dead or diseased elms as soon as possible.
A quarantine on improper storage of any elm wood with intact bark and diseased red oak is enforced in New Brighton from April 15 to October 15. This is an important measure against Dutch elm and oak wilt diseases. Any such wood kept during this time must be debarked. Additionally, diseased red oak wood can be sealed with a thick poly wrap during the period April 15 to July 1 of the year after the tree’s death. For information, call 651-638-2116.
Green ash trees have recently been affected by a leaf-spotting fungus called Anthracnose. Visible symptoms of this disease are the blackening, wilting and dropping of leaflets and leaves.
Anthracnose fungus on healthy ash trees rarely causes any permanent damage. Most of the damage and thinning occurs on the bottom half of the tree where air circulation is least and humidity is sometimes higher. Affected trees will recover when warmer weather conditions are present. Most of the defoliated branches will form new leaves. No sprays are warranted for control on mature, healthy trees. Gathering or collecting the fallen leaves might help keep down the severity of future infections.
Any questions relating to Anthracnose or other tree matters can be referred to the Park Maintenance Worker-Forester at 651-775-3424.
Emerald Ash Borer
*A City Tree: Residents can call Forester, Jim Veiman, 651-775-3424.
Private Tree: Residents have two options:
- Residents can call 651-201-6684 (press 2) and follow the directions. There are volunteer EAB First Detectors through the UOM Forestry Resources Extension.
- Residents could call one of the Licensed Tree Contractors listed above. We highly recommend the above step first.
Other Forestry Related Issues
Residents who have a concern with a tree that is a City-owned tree *(boulevard/park tree), or a tree they suspect has Dutch Elm or Oak Wilt Disease, should be directed to our certified Forester and arborist, Jim Veiman, 651-775-3424.
There are licensed tree contractors in New Brighton if you have any concerns regarding a privately owned tree.